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Faculty of Science Radiation Sciences Graduate Program (RadGrad)
Faculty of Science

Radiation Sciences Graduate Program (RadGrad)

Soo Hyun Byun

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Supervisor

Office: TAB 208

Phone: (905) 525-9140 ext. 26329

Fax: (905) 546-1252

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ResearchGate

 

  • My research group has been focusing on advanced radiation detector and nuclear instrumentation developments. Particularly, we developed the THick Gas Electron Multiplier (THGEM) detector, an advanced gaseous radiation detector, which showed an outstanding performance in contrast to the traditional gaseous detectors. We also developed new digital signal processing systems for radiation spectrometry and imaging. Selected current research projects are listed below.

    THGEM neutron imaging detector development

    In 2013, we successfully developed a THGEM X-ray imaging detector. The core work of this project was to devise a simple and efficient 2-D position readout board. For 2-D position encoding, we developed a digital signal processing system using time to digital converters and a field programmable gate array processor, which required an extensive amount of work in terms of circuit fabrication and processor programming. The detector was successfully tested for alpha and X-ray imaging. Founded on this work, we are currently designing an efficient neutron converter in order to develop a digital neutron imaging detector.

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    THGEM multi-element neutron dosemeter and 2-D neutron-gamma dosemeter developments

    Tissue-equivalent gaseous proportional counters are made of tissue-equivalent plastics and filled with tissue-equivalent gases, which makes them the most accurate device for measuring neutron dose. However, their neutron detection efficiency is pretty low and therefore, they have not been employed for weak neutron field measurements typically encountered at nuclear power plants. To address this fundamental low efficiency problem, we have developed a “multi-element” detector consisting of a number of gaseous sensitive volumes using our THGEM technology. In order to optimize the multi-element design, we carried out extensive Monte Carlo simulations. With this Monte Carlo outcome, we accomplished a quantitative analysis for the neutron efficiency dependence on the multi-element geometry for the first time. We have built a prototype multi-element detector consisting of 7*3 gaseous volumes and its tests are currently underway.

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    Another advanced dosemeter we have been developing is a 2-D neutron-gamma dosemeter, which aims to measure a spatial distribution of the neutron and gamma-ray doses. The core work of this project was to build a multi-input digital signal processing system which can analyze signals from 25 detectors in parallel and real time. A preliminary result showed that the 2-D dosemeter shows the spatial neutron and gamma dose distributions quite accurately. Moreover, the digital processing system showed an excellent processing speed and energy resolution. Comprehensive tests for this 2-D detector are currently underway.

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    Low-level gamma-ray spectrometry

    In ultra-low level gamma spectrometry, a common challenge is that owing to its weak activity, the counts from a sample are buried under background radiation counts. For the multi-photon emitters like 60Co and 26Al, important radionuclides of interests for meteorites and/or nuclear reactor samples, this challenge can be overcome by operating detectors in coincidence mode, in which case a large fraction of the background counts can be rejected while most cascade gamma-ray counts from a sample are saved. Although this principle has been well known, no systematic studies have been done in terms of optimizing the detector arrangement and segmentation to accomplish the best analytical performance. This study will focus on measuring low level 26Al, 60Co and others radionuclides of interests. We will optimize the detector size and array pattern through an extensive Monte Carlo simulation study. The project scope also includes pulse processing development for multiple detectors in a digital architecture and investigation of optimizing time pickoff algorithm.

  • H.K Mohseni, D. Cowan, D.R. Chettle, N.D. Priest, J. Atanackovic, S.H. Byun, W.V. Prestwich, "In vivo neutron activation study of the short-term kinetic behaviour of sodium and chlorine in the human hand" Physiological Measurement, 37, N76-N83, 2016.

    H.K. Mohseni, D. Cowan, D.R. Chettle, A.P. Milic, N. Priest, W. Matysiak, J. Atanackovic, S.H. Byun, W.V. Prestwich, "A pilot study measuring aluminum in bone in Alzheimer's Disease and control subjects using in vivo neutron activation analysis" Journal of Alzheimer's disease, 53, 933-942, 2016.

    Darvish-Molla, S., W. V. Prestwich, and S. H. Byun. "Comprehensive radiation dose measurements and Monte Carlo simulation for the 7Li (p, n) accelerator neutron field." Radiation protection dosimetry (2015): ncv428.

    Tahir, S. N. A., et al. "Feasibility of measuring selenium in humans using in vivo neutron activation analysis." Physiological measurement 36.11 (2015): 2217.

    A. Hanu, W.V. Prestwich, S.H. Byun, A data acquisition system for two-dimensional position sensitive micropattern gas detectors with delay-line readout, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, Vol. 780, 2015, 33-39.

    S.B. Ahmad, F.E. McNeill, W.V. Prestwich, S.H. Byun, C.B. Seymour, C.E. Mothersill, Quantification of ultraviolet photon emission from interaction of charged particles in materials of interest in radiation biology research, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B, Vol. 319, 2014, pp. 48-54.

    Z. Anjomani, A. Hanu, W.V. Prestwich, S.H. Byun, Monte Carlo design study for thick gas electron multiplier-based multi-element microdosimetric detector, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, Vol. 757, 2014, 67-74.

    C. Mothersill, D. Lariviere, R.W. Smith, M.P. Thompson, S.H. Byun, W.V. Prestwich, C.B. Seymour, Dosimetric analysis of fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas, Rafinesque, 1820) exposed via ingestion to environmentally relevant activities of Ra-226 for two years, Int. J. Radiat. Biol., Vol. 90, 2014, pp. 169-178.

    C. Bhatia, S.H. Byun, D.R. Chettle, M.J. Inskip, W.V. Prestwich, A neutron activation technique for manganese measurements in humans, J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol., 2015, in press.

    Matysiak, J. Atanackovic, H. Katalmohseni, S.H. Byun, M. Inskip, W.V. Prestwich, N. Priest, K. Chin, D. Cowan, D.R. Chettle, In-vivo neutron activation analysis for aluminum in bone: system upgrade and improved data analysis, AECL Nuclear Review, Vol. 2, 2013, pp. 27-32

    S.B. Ahmad, F.E. McNeill, S.H. Byun, W.V. Prestwich, C. Seymour, C.E. Mothersill, Ion beam induced luminescence: Relevance to radiation induced bystander effects, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B, Vol. 288, 2012, pp. 81-88.

    W. Matysiak, W.V. Prestwich, S.H. Byun, Measurements of the neutron spectra from the 7Li(p,n) accelerator based neutron source: Position and angular dependences, Radiat. Phys. Chem., Vol. 81, 2012, 1673-1682.

  • Current Graduate Students

    Zahra Anjomani, PhD (Medical Physics): Working on THGEM multi-element neutron dosimeter development

    Devin Burke, PhD (Physics): Working on THGEM neutron imaging detector development

    Matt Bernacci, MSc (Medical Physics): Working on THGEM tritium detector development

    Richard Garnett, MSc (Medical Physics): Working on machine vision application for gamma-ray polarimetry satellite

    Lillian (Xin) Tong, MSc (Medical Physics): Working on alpha microbeam project

    Tomas Urlich, MSc (Medical Physics): Working on Si microbeam detector development

    Matthew Wong, MSc (Health & Radiation Physics): Working on beta spectrometry using Si-plastic scintillator digital coincidence

    Current Undergraduate Students

    Farazdak Bohra

    Jason Cohen

    Former Graduate Students

    Baharak Hadinia, MSc (Health & Radiation Physics), 2015-2016. Current position: health physicist at CANDU Energy.

    Sahar Darvish-Molla, PhD (Medical Physics), 2012-2016. Current position: postdoctoral fellow at McMaster. PhD Thesis: Development of an advanced two-dimensional microdosimetric detector based on thick gas electron multipliers

    Ishan Patel, MSc (Health & Radiation Physics), 2014-2015. Current position: health physicist at Bruce Power.

    Raina Park, MSc (Health & Radiation Physics), 2013-2014. Current position: health physicist at Toronto General Hospital.

    Zahra Chandani, MSc (Medical Physics), 2012-2014. Current position: business school.

    Andrei Hanu, PhD (Medical Physics), 2010-2013. Current position: postdoctoral fellow at NASA. PhD Thesis: Development of a thick gaseous electron multiplier imaging detector with a two-dimensional delay line readout.

    Jatin Patel, MSc (Health & Radiation Physics), 2010 - 2011. Current position: health physicist at EnergySolutions.

    Witold Matysiak, PhD (Medical Physics), 2007-2010. Current position: medical physicist at Groningen Proton Therapy Center. PhD Thesis: Neutron spectroscopy of an accelerator based 7Li(p,n) neutron source with a 3He ionization chamber.

    Gloria (Spirou) Orchard, PhD (Medical Physics), 2006-2010. Current position: research associate at UOIT. PhD Thesis: Development of a thick gas electron multiplier detector for microdosimetry.

  • MedPhys 4R06: Radiation & Radioisotope Methodology

    MedPhys 775: Advanced Radiation Physics

McMaster University - Faculty of Science

Mailing Address

McMaster University
General Sciences Building, Room 109
1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
L8S 4K1

Contact Information

Office Hours:
9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Telephone Inquiries:
+1 (905) 525-9140 ext.27650
Email Inquiries:
radgrad@mcmaster.ca

McMaster University - Faculty of Science

Mailing Address

McMaster University
General Sciences Building, Room 109
1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
L8S 4K1

Contact Information

Office Hours:
9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Telephone Inquiries:
(905) 525-9140 ext. 27650
Email Inquiries:
radgrad@mcmaster.ca